CVE-2022-3699: Lenovo Diagnostics Driver EoP – Arbitrary R/W
Mike Alfaro 11/8/2022
Mike Alfaro, NephōSec Cybersecurity Engineer, submitted CVE-2022-3699 and it has been published to the CVE List. The CVE Record is now available for viewing by the public. The CVE details can be viewed below, the Lenovo Security Advisory entry or can be downloaded from the CVE website. https://www.cve.org/
CVE-2022-3699 describes the principal vulnerability within the EoP – Arbitrary R/W diagnostics driver, provided by Lenovo. Incorrect access control for the Lenovo Diagnostics Driver allows a low-privileged user the ability to issue device IOCTLs to perform arbitrary physical/virtual memory read/write.
- Read via MmMapIoSpace
- Write via MmMapIoSpace
- This IOCTL copies a value from a pointer supplied in the input buffer into mapped physical memory
How it works:
In order to resolve MmPteBase and other prerequisites, a physical “swap” space is found by searching the physical memory range 0x1000 – 0x10000 for 8 zero bytes.
Once that space is found, virtual memory is copied into that swap space via IOCTL 0x222014 and read back using IOCTL 0x222010.
As it is now, ALL virtual reads are done using this “swap” space.
Is it the best way to do virtual r/w? Probably not.
Does it work? Yes.
Oh, also, mind your own offsets — this was tested on Windows 11 21H2 with HVCI disabled.
A malicious actor in low integrity may exploit this vulnerability to achieve privileged code execution.
Detections and Mitigations
Update to Lenovo Diagnostics Application v4.45 or later.
Ensure the Microsoft Driver Blacklist is enabled on all supported devices.